|Location||In Kerala, India|
|Significance||Cultural capital of Kerala|
|Climate||Tropical hot and humid climate with
|September to April|
Thrissur has a rich historical, cultural and archaeological legacy. Once known as ‘Tiru-Shiva-Perur’ (the town with the name of Lord Shiva), the name is now deformed to Thrissur or Trichur. The highlight of the city is the Vadakkumnathan Kshetram Temple dedicated to Lord Shiva surrounded by a green lawn known as ‘maidan’, which is a popular place for public gathering. The city has been influenced by several dynasties that carved out its fate such as Zamorins of Kozhikode, Tipu Sultan of Mysore, the Dutch and the British but it was Raja Rama Varma, often referred to as Sakthan Thampuran, who was credited as the architect of the present-day Trichur.
The other highlights of the town are the internationally reputed Thrissur Pooram Festival, one of the biggest and most colorful festivals of Kerala and the training schools such as Kerala Kala Mandalam, Kerala Sahitya Academy and Kerala Nataka Academy that strive to keep the indigenous performing arts of Kerala alive. Situated between Kochi and Palakkad, the erstwhile capital of Cochin State is a popular base for exploring the cultural riches of central Kerala. This ancient town has found reference in the literature of olden days as ‘Vrishabhadripuram’ and ‘Ten Kailasam’. The Sakthan Thampuran Palace, also known as Vadakkekara Palace, was renovated in 1795 in the Kerala-Dutch architectural style and is now a protected monument under the Archaeological Department. Thrissur District holds the honor of having been in the forefront of the countrywide movement for temple entry and abolition of the concept of ‘untouchability’ from Hinduism.