This article features History and
Origin of Sikkim in India.
History and Origin of Sikkim - Lepchas are
known to be the earliest inhabitants of this land. Originating from
Mayel, a legendary kingdom on the slopes of Khangchendzonga, Lepchas
were food gathering people. Getting all their eating needs fulfilled
from nature, they lived in close harmony with it. Better known as Rong
Pa or Mutanchi, they were the most beloved children of Mother Earth.
There is a very famous legend attached to the rule of Lepchas in
Sikkim. It is said that the Khey Bumsa couple of Minyak dynasty of Tibet
could not have any children for many years. They were advised by people
to seek the blessings of contemporary Lepcha King Thekong Thek,
possessing prophetic powers. Khey Bumsa went to the king who prophesized
that Bumsa will be blessed with three children instead of one. Three
sons were born to Khey Bumsa in due course of time. Feeling highly
gratified to the king, Khey Bumsa swore blood brotherhood to the king
and signed the same in blood at Khabe Longstok. This swerves as a base
of the traditional Lepcha-Bhutia ruling alliance at Sikkim.
Lepchas used to call Sikkim as Nelyang or 'The place of caves'. They
also referred to the land sometimes as Myel Lyang, meaning "The
Land of Hidden Paradise or the Delightful Region." Another tribe
named the Bhutias called it Beyul Demazong or "The Hidden Valley of
Rice." Folklore attached to the name of this place relates to its
first ruler Tensung Namgyal. It is believed that Namgyal married three
wives, a Tibetan, a Bhutanese and a Limbu girl. Third wife of his was
the daughter of Limbu Chief. She thus brought seven maidens with her who
were married into leading families of Sikkim. These Limbu maidens used
to refer to the place as 'Sukhim' or "bride's new house."
Later on, the Nepalis coming to Sikkim found themselves unable to relate
to Limbu pronouncement and thus corrupted the name to Sukkhim which
underwent further distortion under British rule and became Sikkim.
The Namgyal dynasty is supposed to have ruled over Sikkim for about 332
years. But some border disputes with Tibet occurred in due course of
time. East India Company acquired the Southern borders and territories
of Darjeeling district in 1817. Later on in 1880s Sikkim had to
surrender its rights to Chumbi Valley to Tibeto- Chinese authorities.
It was only after the Treaty of Sigoli, that Sikkim acquired the status
of an independent province. It was added to India as an associate State
in 1975 and gradually attained full Statehood. Thus the cumbersome
monarchy was brought to an end in Sikkim.
Request a Quote for Sikkim Tour